Can you get AIDS?
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) is an infectious disease that is incurable to date. It is caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Let us consider in more detail the ways of transmission of this infection.
How can you get AIDS?
When ingested, HIV disrupts the activity of the immune system - destroys its cells. Over time, the damage to the immune system is so strong that it loses the ability to cope with any, sometimes even the easiest and banal diseases. This leads to the death of the patient. For more information about the symptoms of the disease, you can read in our article How AIDS is manifested.
Therefore, people have a fear of the disease, and they try to learn about the ways of its transmission as much as possible in order to protect themselves and their loved ones.
HIV quickly dies in the environment, and for infection it is necessary that it almost immediately gets out of the patient's body into the body of another person. This can happen, for example,when using a non-sterile medical instrument, transfusion of infected blood. Also, the virus can penetrate the placenta and infect the fetus.
Can I get AIDS through sexual contact
According to medical statistics, the probability of HIV infection by a woman after a single sexual contact with an infected partner is from 0.06 to 0.15%.
With anal sex, the risk for the "receiving" partner is significantly higher and amounts to 3.2%.
Many people believe that oral sex is completely free of the risk of acquiring HIV infection. In fact, it is not. In the mouth of a person, there are often small bleeding wounds, from where the blood along with the viruses contained in it enters the saliva. And therefore, with oral sex, there is also the likelihood of HIV infection, although it is very low - no more than 0.04% after a single contact with an infected person.
There are a number of factors that increase the risk of contracting AIDS through sexual contact:
- Venereal diseases. When they often occur damage to the mucous membranes of the genital organs, which are the "gateway" for HIV.
- The probability of infection through sexual contact (coitus) is three times lower for men than for women. This is due to the fact that in the vaginal discharge the concentration of the virus is several times less than in semen.
- If a woman has a disease such as cervical erosion, the risk of infection of both partners increases several times.
- Anal sex. In this case, often there are cracks of the anus, through which the virus easily penetrates the blood.
Can I get AIDS from everyday contacts?
There are many myths and "horror stories" about how dangerous any, including household contacts with HIV-infected people. Let's see how they are justified.
As we have said, HIV quickly dies in the environment. And so the likelihood of domestic AIDS infection is completely excluded, of course, provided that people follow the rules of personal hygiene. Of course, if you use a toothbrush or a razor with a patient, then it is possible to get AIDS.
In the article How HIV is Transmitted, we already talked about “contaminated needles” (in public, people living with HIV allegedly leave needles from syringes used by them so that people can get this infection). I would like to repeat that this is nothing more than another myth.Outside the human body, HIV dies quickly enough.
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