How to grow a date palm out of the bone
For the successful cultivation of the date palm stone, there are two completely equal methods.
The first way.
Dice the date for a few days in the open air. Then pour it with hot water and hold it for about 24 hours so that the bone swells. We pour sawdust into a small container, put a swollen bone in it and pour water generously on it. In this case, sawdust should always be wet.
After 30 days, when the first sprout appears, you can transplant the germinated seed into a pot about 70 mm high. In the pot we set up a good drainage and fall asleep with a mixture consisting of 4 fractions of sand, 2 fractions of sod land, 2 fractions of humus and one fraction of charcoal. During this procedure, you should be especially careful with the sprouted bone, keeping it connected to the sprout - the bone provides additional nutrition.
When a sprout reaches a height of 100 mm, one should also carefully transplant a young palm tree into a pot with a large volume.Given the fact that the palm tree is sensitive to transplantation, the best option would be to simply move the entire plant along with the soil ball into a new pot and fill the remaining space with a soil mixture similar to that used during planting.
The first five years of transplantation are carried out annually, then - once in 3 years. In doing so, each time you should slightly increase the amount of land. Upon reaching 15 years of age, the frequency of transplantation is reduced to once every 6 years. Pots should not be wide, but high, because palm has a long root system. The illumination of the palm tree should be diffused, and in the process of growth one should gradually turn the plant, at the same time orient the palm so that the end of the youngest sprout is directed into the interior of the room.
Watering is carried out by settled water at room temperature. The frequency of watering increases in hot weather. Constantly wipe palm leaves with a damp cloth and additionally moisten them with a spray bottle. The introduction of a special nutritional supplement (ready to eat in stores) is carried out once every 2 weeks, during the period of intensive growing season - in summer and spring, the frequency increases to 1 time per week.
The temperature regime is preferable to choose moderate: in winter from 8 to 15 ° C, and in summer - to 20 ° C. The room is ventilated, but the date is not exposed to drafts. When summer "walking" palm trees on the balcony or in the garden to avoid open blown places. Remove dried leaves immediately.
The second way.
The method is similar to the first in almost all but a few features. First, before planting, the hard shell of the stone is incised in the middle. This is necessary for a more rapid release of the germ from the very strong shell of the pate of the date. And secondly, after placing the incised stone in the pot, the surface is covered with a film to create a microclimate. Under the film should keep the soil moist. The sprout appears after 30 - 45 days and the subsequent operations are completely identical to the first method.
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