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What animals eat?

The world of nature is extremely diverse. Each species is adapted to living in special conditions. Features of the lifestyle of some animals you can find in our site. And in this article we will look at what animals eat.

Wild animals

Scientists include wild animals for all types of animals for which wildlife is considered the natural habitat. Within this concept, animals can be classified according to various criteria. Each species has its own characteristics. You can find out about some of them in the section of our site Wild Animals.

As for food, most wild animals eat differently, depending on the time of year. For example, many mountain animals in summer feed on grass from meadows. In winter, representatives of these species have to descend from the rocky peaks in the mountain forests. There they can eat leaves, branches and moss.

Many wild animals hibernate in winter. For example, bears in large quantities consume food (mainly of plant origin) in the summer and autumn periods.They eat berries, tubers, bulbs, mushrooms, nuts, acorns, less often insects and honey. With a decrease in air temperature, the bear finds a place for a den. Till spring he sleeps, consuming the accumulated fat. The exception is the polar bear. He is by nature a predator and does not hibernate.

There are other animals whose sleep saves them from lack of food. For example, bats and marmots can sleep for about 6-8 months. Squirrels can also go to sleep in their nests, but only on the most frosty days. In the rest of the winter time, they feed on supplies collected during the summer and autumn. Basically, squirrels feed on various kinds of nuts, seeds, cones, berries, and some fruits.

Hares in the summer like to eat grass. In the cold season, when herbs are not widely available, they may well feed on tree bark, thin sprigs, seeds, berries, young shoots of plants. Scientists note that among hares there are also those who can catch field mice and eat other available meat.

Foxes and wolves are typical predators. Throughout the year, they track down and catch prey among smaller and weaker animals.Foxes feed on rodents, birds, sometimes herbs, berries and roots. Wolves also hunt for larger representatives of the animal world such as moose, deer, wild boar, roe deer, antelope.


Domestic animals are animals that have been domesticated by humans. The person contains them not far from his home or directly in it, providing food and water. Most of the representatives of these species are designed to benefit people or brighten up their leisure time. The first category includes farm animals such as cows, chickens, pigs, sheep, etc. They are raised specifically for the procurement of meat, fur, milk, etc. The second category includes animals such as dogs, cats, hamsters , parrots, etc.

The diet of domestic animals is less subject to change depending on the time of year. This is due to the fact that pets do not have to get food on their own. A person gives all the necessary food to animals independently.

Most often in developed countries produced special balanced feed. Farm animals are given compound feed.For animals that live with a person, a whole series of feeds are being developed. Food should meet all the needs of the animal. For example, food for cats whose offspring are predators must necessarily contain meat. But this is not the only component.

The largest producers of feed are ready to offer pet owners even special medicinal feeds, which are aimed at maintaining certain organs and systems. For example, cats have already developed food:

  • to facilitate the period of adaptation in stressful situations;
  • for oral hygiene;
  • diabetes;
  • with digestive disorders;
  • in diseases of the liver;
  • with food allergies;
  • with obesity;
  • in chronic renal failure;
  • with urolithiasis, etc.

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