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What is cytoplasm?

Evgeny Fogov
Evgeny Fogov
February 18, 2015
What is cytoplasm?

The concept of cytoplasm was introduced in 1882. It is known that the cytoplasm is the internal medium of the cell. In this article we will look at what the cytoplasm is, what is included in its structure and what is its content.

We will also answer the question what functions the cytoplasm performs.

The concept of cytoplasm

By cytoplasm is commonly understood as the internal environment of a living or dead cell. At the same time, the nucleus and vacuoles do not enter the cytoplasm. Cytoplasm includes hyaloplasm, which is a transparent substance and organelles, also includes so-called inclusions. Inclusion refers to various non-permanent structures, such as cellular waste products, various secrets, and pigments.

The composition of the cytoplasm

The structure of the cytoplasm is a combination of organic and inorganic substances. The main substance that makes up the cytoplasm is water. Also in the composition of the cytoplasm contains true and colloidal solutions. The true solution is composed of mineral salts, glucose and amino acids.The colloidal solution includes proteins. Also in the structure of the cytoplasm can be detected insoluble waste and nutrient reserves.

Cytoplasm functions

The most important functions of the cytoplasm are the union of cellular structures, as well as ensuring their interaction. In addition, the cytoplasm due to the constant movement and flow inside the cell provides movement of various substances, which contributes to the nutrition of all organelles and organelles. It also provides turgor (stress state) of the cell.


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