What is the estate?
Society is always heterogeneous, but if today we do not have divisions of social strata by class, before it was clear and precise and was fixed by law. That is what a class is.
The division into classes was characteristic of pre-revolutionary Russia and Europe. In modern society, the formal division into classes remains in the UK, since there is officially a monarchy.
The presence of estates associated with the class division of society. Belonging to a particular class, as a rule, is inherited, but this rule also has its exceptions. Access to certain classes of society could be obtained for special services or simply to buy. For example, a monarch might welcome nobility to a certain representative of the third estate for excellent service or even as a result of strong personal sympathy.
What is the difference between some classes from others?
All classes had their rights, which were very different from each other.
- The upper classes of society were not taxed, in contrast to the lower.
- Each class had its own symbolism, which immediately became clear to which class the person belongs. These could be coats of arms, flags, a certain type of clothing (for example, among priests), hairstyles, weapons, and so on.
- Each class had its own traditions and moral principles.
The estates of France 14-15 centuries
What is the estate? The definition is given, and the best example of class division of society is France of the 14th-15th centuries. There were three clearly demarcated classes: the first class was the clergy, the second was the nobility, and the third was the bourgeois, the workers and peasants. Each of these estates nominated their representatives to the States General. However, the first two estates were privileged, did not pay taxes and taxes, occupied high posts and owned large financial assets.
However, such a division of society did not stand the test of time, and was destroyed as a result of coups and revolutions. In particular, in France by the Great Revolution, it was finally destroyed by the end of the 16th century.
In our time, there are no such legally enshrined classes, which is very good, since their very existence contradicts the democratic foundations of modern society.And even in Great Britain, where estates formally exist, all citizens have the same rights and duties.
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