Where is appendicitis?
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Many people, thinking about where appendicitis is located, often confuse the concepts of appendicitis and appendix. An appendix is a small vermiform process that lies adjacent to the cecum. Appendicitis is a disease that is characterized by inflammation in the appendix. Therefore, appendicitis will spread to the area where the appendix is located. The approximate location of the appendix is in the right lower abdomen. Also the location of the appendix may vary depending on its length and mesentery. The mesentery is a small membrane that attaches the appendix to the structures of the abdominal cavity. It may be longer than the standard size, the appendix itself may also be larger than normal. The combination of a long appendix and a long mesentery allows the first to change its location. The appendix may be located in the pelvic region or behind the colon.
Appendicitis occurs when an opening between the cecum and the appendix occurs.Causes of blockage may be the following:
- large amount of thick mucus inside the appendix
- fecal masses
- swollen lymphoid tissue in the appendix
Another possible cause of appendicitis is an appendix rupture. To date, the causes of the rupture are not clearly understood, but they suggest that this is due to changes in the lymphoid tissue that lines the appendix from the inside.
Symptoms of appendicitis
- Abdominal pain. Initially, it is felt all over the stomach. When the inflammation increases, it spreads through the shell of the appendix to the peritoneum. The peritoneum is the lining of the abdomen in the form of a thin film. When the inflammation reaches the peritoneum, the pain spreads over a small area that can be easily identified. However, if an appendix ruptures, the infection spreads throughout the peritoneum, so pain can occur again in most of the abdomen.
- Nausea, vomiting. A common cause of this symptom is intestinal obstruction.
- A fever is optional. Fever - the body's response to inflammation, but the development of the disease can occur without it.
How the disease proceeds
There is inflammation (see above for reasons). If it spreads in the thickness of the appendix, it can break. Infection can go through the abdominal cavity, thereby causing severe abdominal pain. However, inflammation usually develops in a small area around the appendix. So there is a periappendicular abscess. It happens that the body itself cope with the disease without the help of doctors. This happens when taking antibiotics or in some aged patients. However, if the infection has spread to the abdominal cavity, it is impossible to do without surgery here. The appendix is cut out, and inflammation is eliminated with the help of special means. There is also a situation where the patient is under the supervision of doctors and suddenly goes on the mend. In this case, they can also remove the appendix. This is done to prevent re-occurrence of the disease. In any case, if you have symptoms of appendicitis, consult a doctor for help.If appendicitis is not treated, it can lead to serious complications, such as perforation of the appendix, intestinal obstruction and sepsis.
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