Why is everyone worth a visit to Oktoberfest?
If you want to get on a real holiday and try the Bavarian beer, then definitely go to the world famous Oktoberfest!
What it is?
Oktoberfest - this is the most fun and large-scale folk festivals around the world. They pass in the city of Munich (this is the capital of Bavaria). From German, the name literally translates as “October festivities”, but some people call this event “Wiesn”, which means “meadow” in the Bavarian dialect.
In general, all this is organized, firstly, for the sake of national fun, and secondly, for the sake of the famous Bavarian beer, without which no festival can do. By the way, the holiday is known not only in Bavaria and Germany, but also in other countries, both nearby and distant ones.
The first Oktoberfest took place on October 12, 1810 and was timed to the wedding of Crown Prince Ludwig (Ludwig I) and Princess Theresa of Saxon-Hilburgauz. By the way, the meadow where the festivals are still held was named precisely in her honor (Theresienwiese means “Theresa's meadow”). In 1813, the holiday was canceled due to the Napoleonic Wars.
Initially, the organization was carried out in private, but in 1819 this responsibility was assigned to the city council of Munich. And then it was decided that the festival will be held every year. Nevertheless, the celebration was canceled in 1954 and 1973 due to the cholera epidemic that hit Bavaria, then in 1866 because of the Prussian-Austrian war, and then in 1870 because of the Franco-Prussian war.
In 1872, for the first time, the festival was postponed to the end of September and the beginning of October, since at that time the weather was more comfortable. The final decision on the celebration at this time was made in 1904. But the last Sunday of the festival should certainly fall in October, this tradition should not be broken.
In 1881, the first roasting chickens were opened, and beer was served in the usual glass circles only in 1892. And at about the same time, the first beer tents began to appear, without which it is simply impossible to imagine a celebration today. Then at the festival dancing was obligatory, and some attractions were also available. And in 1886 it was decided to electrify the festival. By the way, the firm of the famous Albert Einstein's father was engaged in this, and Albert himself took part in the electrification.
In 1901, all visitors were surprised by the Bedouin village, which was on display for everyone. In 1910, Oktoberfest celebrated its anniversary - 100 years from the date of the first holding. In the period from 1914 to 1918, the celebrations were canceled due to the First World War, and in 1923 and 1924 due to hyperinflation. In 1919 and 1920 the festival was renamed the “Autumn Festival”. From 1939 to 1945, festivals were not held due to the Second World War. The next three years at the celebration was forbidden to sell traditional beer.
Since 1950, the tradition of opening a holiday by twelve shots from a cannon into the sky was introduced. Since 1960, tourists have come to the festival.
How is the Oktoberfest in Munich? The holiday has its own traditions and mandatory events:
- The procession of the owners of beer tents. Previously, Teresa's meadow was located outside the city, and in 1887, the owners of rides and tents decided to leave the city on a meadow to jointly open a holiday. And since then, such a procession has become an obligatory tradition of Oktoberfest. And recently, such marches are headed each year by the Mayor of Munich.Also, a child who is a symbol of the city takes part in such an action. Next to the wagons and sleds are musicians from the orchestra. This procession begins in the center of Munich and ends on the Teresa meadow.
- Uncorking the first beer barrel. When the procession ends, exactly at noon, in the first beer barrel, the ober-burgomaster drives in a tap. When the procedure is completed, he should exclaim “Uncorked!”, And this exclamation will mean that the beer has been spilled. By the way, every year everyone observes the opening and discusses how many strokes the chief burgomaster will need.
- Further, according to the program of celebration, there is a grand and incredibly cheerful costume parade. It was first held in honor of the silver wedding of Theresa and Ludwig I in 1835. But the next procession took place only in 1895, and about 1,5 thousand people took part in it. And since 1950, this event has become traditional and mandatory. The procession is held on the first Sunday of the festival. The first is the Munich child, followed by representatives of the city government, and then orchestras, societies of national costumes, shooting societies and ordinary people.By the way, some societies come from other countries.
Drinks and Snacks
The main drink, of course, is beer, and a special one - Oktoberfest. Its fortress is from 5.8 to 6.3%, so you should not abuse it, although there are almost no drunk at the festival. Only proven Munich breweries make beer.
It is sold exclusively in special tents. In total, 14 large tents and 15 small ones open. In a large tent can accommodate up to 10 thousand people (there is space inside and out), and find out the fullness will help a special barometer Lug. But in addition to beer, every visitor will be able to taste wine, cocktails, strong or even soft drinks.
As for appetizers, white Munich sausages, fried chicken, fried pork ham, cabbage salad and fish roasted on the spit are considered traditional.
Things to do?
There are a lot of attractions on the territory of the festival: flea circus, roller coaster, ferris wheel, and other traditional carousels. By the way, if you decide to relax the whole family, then feel free to do it, since the celebration is focused on visitors of all ages.In addition, family and children's entertainment is available.
There are some unspoken and open rules that should not be broken:
- Reservation in tents is necessary in advance.
- There are periods in which the tents are closed to avoid overcrowding.
- Smoking in tents is prohibited.
- Beer mugs can not take with you.
- If you left the tent, then it is unlikely to get into it on this day.
- Children from 6 to 16 years old have the right to stay in beer tents only until 20:00.
When is it held?
It is impossible to say exactly what date the festival is held, since the dates are constantly shifting, and the duration may be different (on average, it is 16 days). Most often begins the holiday in the middle or end of September, but certainly on Saturday. The festival should end on the first Sunday of October.
If it falls on October 1 or 2, the celebration is extended until October 3 (this is the day of the Unification of Germany). In 2015, the Oktoberfest will begin on September 19 and will end on October 4.
Some interesting facts about the festival:
- About 12 thousand people work at Oktoberfest.
- About 6 million people visit the festival annually, eating about 500,000 fried chicken and drinking about 6 million liters of beer.
- The territory has more than 800 toilets.
- Beer costs about 10 euros per 1 liter and rises in price every year.
Be sure to go to Oktoberfest if you have such an opportunity!
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